MINUTES OF THE CEAL PLENARY SESSION, April 2, 1992
The annual meeting of the Committee on East Asian Libraries (CEAL) took place Thursday, April 2, 1992, in the Washington Hilton and Towers Hotel Monroe Room. Maureen Donovan, CEAL Chairperson, called the plenary session to order at 9:00 a.m.
Ms. Donovan announced the results of the election for new members of the executive group. The new members are Karl Kahler, Kenneth Klein, Yasuko Matsudo, Ai-Hwa Wu. Retiring members are Teruko Chin and Tai-loi Ma. In addition Marsha Wagner resigned from the executive group because she took a different job outside the East Asian library field as an ombudsman at Columbia. Raymond Tang retired. Ms. Donovan thanked all of the retiring members for their service.
Ms. Donovan reported that she is still compiling the new CEAL directory, and that it should be finished within the next couple of months. There have been many changes, and people are eager to get a new directory. She is in the process of automating the records for the subscription and directory information. One feature of the new automated system will be that the number of the issue with which your subscription will expire will appear on the mailing label. There may be some glitches in the new system, so please let Ms. Donovan know if you have any problems.
Also, Mr. Ju-yen Teng, who was to report on CEAL statistics was unable to attend the meeting as he is still recovering from a car accident. Ms. Donovan expressed the sympathy of the group for Mr. Teng, and hope for his speedy recovery.
Ms. Donovan reported on the Committee's financial situation. She stated that the current balance in the treasury is $10,053.00. The subscription fees currently pay for the printing of the Bulletin. Although initially her institution had offered to pay for the postage, because of budget restraints, the institution has withdrawn that offer. CEAL will therefore have to reimburse some of the postage. The number of subscribers has continued to expand as people realize the importance of the CEAL Bulletin for information in this field. An increase in subscription price will not be necessary.
Ms. Donovan has worked this year with a group from the American Library Association (ALA) that is having a pre-conference at this year's ALA meeting on the subject of forming an Asian collection. The focus of the meeting is on not just East Asia; it includes Southeast Asia and India. CEAL members and former members attending include Diane Perushek, James Cheng, Karl Lo, and Ms. Donovan. Ms. Donovan plans to bring CEAL membership information to the meeting to distribute.
Another project Ms. Donovan worked on in the past year was bringing the European Association of Sinological Librarians group to the United States to participate in the AAS and CEAL meetings, and to tour East Asian collections on the east coast at Princeton, Columbia, Yale, and Harvard. Thomas Hahn, of this group, was in attendance at the plenary session. There are 15 members in the group altogether. Ms. Donovan did the travel arrangements for the group, including renting a van for transportation to the east coast libraries.
Also, CEAL was asked to be the liaison to the Bibliography of Asian Studies. Ms. Donovan reviewed the BAS proposal for changing to a CD ROM/on-line database format. Ms. Donovan offered to give her position as liaison to someone else. If any other CEAL member is interested, please contact her. One of the requirements is that it be somebody who works in a Macintosh environment. Ms. Donovan is willing to continue if no one else is interested.
Ms. Donovan reported on the meeting of the CEAL Executive Committee that was held on the evening of April 1. At that meeting, the request by the Association of Research Libraries to help with their project was discussed. The executive committee decided that Ms. Donovan should form a task force that she will chair to work with each of the CJK sub-committees, put information together, and work with ARL on their project. (See below for more on the ARL project.) The Committee also appointed a task force on recruitment and training of East Asian studies librarians to be headed by Sharon Domier, and one on interlibrary loan to be headed by Chris ???? These two (committees??? chairpersons???) were recommended initially by the task forces set up by the Hoover Conference on National Planning for Japanese libraries (see below for more on this) and one of the points stressed by this group was that these issues are larger than just Japanese librarianship, and that they should be considered by CEAL as a whole in the broader context of East Asian librarianship. Also, the Committee decided to set up a special guest editorship for CEAL Bulletin no. 100, and to make it a special commemorative issue covering the history of CEAL and Asian libraries. This was at the suggestion of Emiko Moffitt. Also discussed were the bylaws, and the need to review parts of them. In particular, Ms. Donovan mentioned the difficulty of having only one CEAL officer, and stated that she feels there is a need for another person, probably at the same institution as the chair to be called the membership secretary. This person would maintain the records, do the mailing labels, subscriptions, and that kind of thing. She thought it should be a part of the organization by-laws. The committee agreed to amend the by-laws, but this requires a mail ballot. She said that there are other things in the by-laws that also need to be changed, and that this would probably be an on-going process. The committee also discussed producing a brochure about CEAL that could be sent to the library schools, and possibly East Asian studies programs. The judgment was made that not enough attention is paid to bibliographic instruction. Ms. Donovan agreed to put together a panel on bibliographic instruction to propose for the next AAS meeting. She issued a call for proposals for this panel to those involved in bibliographic instruction. There is a lot of activity in this area, and Ms. Donovan expressed the hope that some of the materials produced for bibliographic instruction could be shared with the panel. She also requested that faculty members be informed if they might be interested in participating. Please give their names to Ms. Donovan. She also announced that if anyone else would like to organize any panels or round tables, she would encourage them to do so.
The subcommittee chairs then announced the agendas for their upcoming meetings. Mr. Chi Wang (Library of Congress) was not present to announce the schedule of speakers and topics of the meeting of the Subcommittee on Chinese materials. Ms. Mihoko Miki (UCLA) announced the schedule of speakers and topics of the meeting of the Subcommittee on Japanese materials. Mr. Yong Kyu Choo (UC at Berkeley) did the same for the Subcommittee on Korean materials. Ms. Beatrice Chang Ohta (Library of Congress) announced the agenda for the Subcommittee on Technical Processing. Mr. Nelson Chou (Rutgers University) did the same for the Subcommittee on Library Technology. Finally, Mr. Edward Martinique (University of North Carolina), discussed the activities of the Subcommittee on Publications. He requested that more committee members submit articles to the CEAL Bulletin. He pointed out that he had benefitted in the past from information in articles published by members in the Bulletin, and he urged members to continue to contribute articles. He also requested that members send information concerning projects they are currently involved in. Descriptions of these projects would be very useful to other members. Mr. Martinique announced that as of March 1992 EASTLIB, the email listserver, had 46 members, and during the past year there were several very interesting exchanges between participants. He also announced that his supervisor has given him time to complete the index to issues no. 1-90 of the CEAL Bulletin. He will have 10 hours a week to devote to this project. He estimates that he is 1/3 to 1/2 finished with the project, and he thinks he will be able to submit a final draft to the editor before next year's AAS meeting.
Ms. Donovan announced that there would be no report on CEAL statistics since Mr. Ju-yen Teng was absent due to his illness. Ms. Chung Ming Lung reported on the process of collecting information for the CEAL Directory. She announced that the letters for update information were sent out in October, 1991. It was sent to individuals and institutions listed in the current Directory. So far, she has received about a 90% return on the letters sent out. Ms. Donovan is still accepting new names both for individuals and institutions, so please submit additions to her. Information needed includes name (including CJK original characters), address, phone number, email address, interlibrary loan information for the institution, and a list of the staff, including their titles. Ms. Lung has a form for the interlibrary loan information, which she will provide if needed. People listed in the Directory do not have to be CEAL members. Please notify Ms. Donovan if there are individual or institution names that you think should be included.
Several announcements were made at this point. Ms. Lena Lee Yang reported that the collection of the Institute for Advanced Studies of World Religions that has been located at the University of New York at Stoneybrook was moved in 1989. For the last two years, the collection has been in storage while a new facility was constructed. The new library is re-opening May 9th, 1992 upon the completion of their new facility, and Ms. Yang invited anyone visiting New York to tour the collection. Mr. Karl Lo announced that he had 50 copies of the report of the CRC PRC report titled "From Open Door to Open Shelf." These copies were available to interested parties at the meeting. Two job announcements were made: for the Curator of the East Asian Collection at Brown University and for the Head Librarian for the Sasakawa Peace Foundation. Ms. Donovan announced that a book on NREN (the new national super-computer network) by Anna Wang is available at Ohio State University for $12.00.
Ms. Donovan announced that Dorothy Wang from the Los Angeles Public Library contacted her during the break. Ms. Wang has made arrangements for a hotel near the Bona Venture Hotel in Anaheim at a special rate for CEAL members attending the 1993 AAS meeting. The special CEAL rate will be $49.00 for a double room. Ms. Wang has also volunteered to take care of the arrangements with the hotel. Ms. Donovan has a flyer and the telephone number if you want to make arrangements. There are only 50 rooms available. Ms. Donovan also recognized the visitors from the Japan Publications Trading Co., who were in attendance, and noted that this is the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of their company.
Ms. Jutta Reed-Scott of the Association of Research Libraries gave a presentation on the ARL Project on scholarship, research libraries and foreign publishing in the 1990's. CEAL has agreed to participate in this project. Ms. Reed-Scott's talk focused on the project as it relates to foreign acquisitions. She began by pointing out that in recent years foreign acquisitions in research libraries has faced difficulties in terms of financial conditions, growth in foreign publications, and changes in world exchange rates. For this reason, ARL decided that an analysis of the current state of foreign acquisitions in major US and Canadian research libraries and the development of new resource sharing strategies and new funding sources were an essential priority. This ARL project was funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and it is the first year of a two year project. She mentioned two major goals of the project: first, to assist research libraries in acquiring and delivering information, and second to find new funding sources for foreign acquisitions. Ms. Reed-Scott emphasized the need for statistical data in order to carry out the project. She noted that CEAL was exemplary in terms of the quality of the statistical data that its members collect. The project aims to look at trends in foreign publishing, in such areas as prices for materials, and especially the shift to electronic publishing. The project will also analyze what scholars' needs are in different disciplines, and what the formats of the materials available are. The ARL Committee on Research Collections is responsible for the project. There is also a task force of twelve senior administrators of collection management programs in ARL libraries who give their input to the project. The American Academy of Arts and Sciences Book Request Center is also a participant. This group helps project members better understand scholar needs concerning foreign acquisitions. A major component of the project is working with the various acquisition groups, including representatives from CEAL. The second phase of the project will focus on four or five specific countries for more in-depth analysis. The third phase will bring all the information that is gathered in the project in the first two phases together, and find ways of continuing and finding new resource-sharing agreements, and also finding additional funding for foreign acquisitions. One source is federal funding. Title 6, for example, provides a very small portion of funding. Ms. Reed-Scott then went on to discuss how CEAL fits in to this project, and to describe some of the work CEAL will do. She mentioned that she is delighted that CEAL has agreed to form a task force to assess publishing and acquisition trends in research materials from China, Japan, and Korea. This group will investigate four areas: 1) current trends in publishing, including the country's output, price forecasts, and significant future developments, including availability and access to databases; 2) look at existing collection strengths and current collecting patterns in these areas, including any changes such as cutbacks or serials cancellations; 3) look at budgets for research libraries and their relation to price trends; 4) look at trends in scholarly research. Ultimately the project intends to make the case for additional funding in order to adequately meet scholarly needs for access to information. Ms. Scott-Reed also noted that pilot countries will be chosen to be part of the project in the second phases, and that one of the countries will probably be a CJK country. She looks to the CEAL task force for a recommendation as to which country this should be. A second ARL initiative within the framework of the Foreign Acquisitions Project is one that looks at models for resource sharing. ARL has participated in meetings of the National Coordinating Committee on Japanese Library Resources. ARL is in the discussion stages currently of a project that would focus on developing with the advice of a group of Japanese studies librarians a series of scenarios for the collection and dissemination of Japanese publications and databases. The intent is to look at new directions in resource sharing, and ways that libraries can make changes that will lead to more effective resource sharing. A group of six Japanese studies librarians would help ARL design the models or scenarios for this process, and then they would be tested at two or three institutions.
The program proceeded to a sampling of resource sharing efforts now underway. Ms. Emiko Moffitt discussed the Hoover Conference on National Planning for Japanese Libraries (HCNPJL) that was held on November 7-9, 1991, which she organized. She explained how the Conference came about. It was funded by the Japan-US Friendship Commission (JUSFC), and also received supplemental support from the Center for Global Partnership of the Japan Foundation. The JUSFC also sponsors regular regional conferences on Japanese libraries. Ms. Moffitt pointed out that the situation surrounding Japanese libraries has changed greatly since the JUSFC was founded. There has been a phenomenal increase in Japanese studies programs, and many libraries have grown from very small collections to much larger ones since 1972. Also new libraries have been formed or are about to be formed. With these changes, the time was ripe for the meeting held in November. Last year Diane Perushek, formerly of Princeton, was asked by the Commission to survey and report on Japanese library developments and needs. Based on this report, the Japan Foundation and the JUSFC then convened a conference at the end of 1991. It was a broadly based group, including faculty members, library and database specialists from Japan, representatives of different libraries, including the Library of Congress, the directors of large university libraries, the CEAL chairs, the Chair of the Sub-committee for Japanese materials, the heads of East Asian libraries, and some others. There were some concerns that our efforts might duplicate the National Coordinating Committee (NCC) work. But Ms. Moffitt pointed out that at the time the NCC had not been organized yet, and because of the time constraints they Hoover Conference organizers felt that they had to go ahead with making plans for the HCNPJL. Three libraries, Yale, UC Berkeley, and Hoover were involved in this planning, with Hoover ultimately taking responsibility for organization. The JUSFC was very supportive from the beginning, but could only support a conference with a limited number of attendees, and that it must include faculty representatives, ARL staff, etc., etc. This meant that only 15 librarians could be invited. Because of the small number of libraries involved, the Conference decided to include only academic Japanese libraries, and also only those librarians working directly with Japanese materials. The Committee realized the importance of inviting the heads of East Asian libraries, but had to give up that option. Even so, they persisted in asking the JUSFC to allow them to invite more librarians, and that it was absolutely necessary to have five more librarians, or 20 in total. In the end, 25 libraries were represented by 28 librarians, some of whom came at their own or their institution's expense. Altogether, there were 40 participants. Ms. Moffitt stated that she gave these details since there was some unhappiness expressed concerning the limited number of participants invited to the Conference. She wishes that all of the Japanese libraries and Japanese librarians could have been invited, and regrets that it was not possible.
The next speaker was Mr. Hideo Kaneko, who discussed the National Planning Team for Academic Japanese Libraries (NPTAJL) and the HCNPJL. On the third day of the conference, they created the nine task forces and the NPTAJL, which was to continue the discussion begun at the conference, and come up with a recommendation. The NPTAJL was selected from the three regions; one from first tier libraries and another from second and third tier libraries in each region, with a total of six members. Members included Hisayuki Ishimatsu, Sharon Domier, Yasuko Matsudo, Sachiko Morrell, Christina ????, and Mr. Kaneko. The task forces included; Recon, Access to Materials, and Database issues. The recon task force touched on five issues relating to shared collection development, including regional representation, multi-volume sets, current serials, newspaper back files, and future areas of cooperation. The chairs of the nine task forces were ?????????, Hisayuki Ishimatsu, Mr. Kaneko, Yasuko Matsudo, Sachiko Morrell, Yasuko Makino, Chirstina ????, ??????????, and Sharon Domier. .The task force reports were sent to the people who worked on the task forces in February at the same time they were submitted to the JUSFC and the NPTAJL. Last week, Mr. Kaneko also sent the reports to libraries that were not represented on the task forces. Also, Professor Shively edited the minutes and also made a summary of the report. Each task force came out with a recommendation that is included in the task force reports.
Amy Heinrich talked about the National Coordinating Committee on Japanese Library Resources (NCCJLR). This committee builds on work done so far on addressing the changing situation for Japanese libraries. This work has continued all year, beginning with the Hoover conference last November. The discussions have been lively, and the work of the task force teams has been superb. The NCCJLR is well aware of the work already done in field, and appreciates it very much. The difference between the NCCJLR and previous work is that the NCCLJR would be ongoing, and that it would coordinate activities of Japanese libraries and library users and the funding agencies. It will continue the work that has been so dramatically begun this year. It will include scholars, and within a couple of years, non-academic providers and users of information. The NCCJLR is composed of 12 members, and Ms. Heinrich stated that an attempt was made to include as many types of institutions as possible among the membership. Current membership consists of Stephen Anderson (Political Science Professor, Univ. of WI), Jack King (Asian department at UTLAS International), Maureen Donovan (CEAL), Professor Haruhiro Tsui (Chair of NEAC), Hideo Kaneko (Chair of the NPTAJL), Tom Reimer (American Advisory Committee of the Japan Foundation), Tomio Togasaki (International House of Japan), Warren Tsuneishi (Library of Congress), Wayne Webster (Executive Director, Association of Research Libraries), Professor Sam Yamashita (Dept. of History and Religion, Pomona College), Eiji Yutani (librarian, UCSD) . The terms of the members will be staggered, but the details of this have not yet been worked out. Ms. Heinrich expressed the hope that CEAL members and members of NPTAJL would cooperate with the NCCJLR in efforts to find funding for some of the new projects that have been suggested. She stressed that her group needs the wide participation of CEAL members and others, and invited participation and suggestions from those interested. She noted that the mission statement of the NCC is published in the current issue of the CEAL Bulletin.
The next speaker was Francis LaFleur, who discussed the cooperative acquisitions of regional Chinese publications at east coast libraries. The Consortium of East Coast Research Libraries has cooperated in the collection of Chinese research materials since 1980. By that time it was becoming apparent that the increased publication output in China was likely to become a long-term trend. The financial burden of collecting all this material was causing concern. Therefore, two heads of libraries, Donald Peck of Princeton and Patricia Batton of Columbia initiated a cooperative effort for collection of regional materials in China. Six institutions agreed to work together: Columbia, Cornell, Princeton, Harvard, New York Public Library, and Yale. The heads of these institutions' East Asian libraries met and divided China into thirty areas. Each institution agreed to take responsibility for exhaustive acquisitions from five of these areas. The projected publication output of the regions was considered so that each institution would have nearly equal amounts of work. Faculty interest, existing subject strengths of institutions, close relations of participants with particular areas in China, and personal interests of the librarians involved were taken into account in dividing up the areas among institutions. A very amicable agreement was reached. The project has been under way for the past seven years. The Chinese bibliographers have met yearly to exchange printed lists of materials being collected, and to discuss their travels to the areas, and swapped information and strategy on purchasing materials. Also, much time was spent discussing how to develop exchanges and personal friendships with scholars in China. Although, many of the institutions still collect materials from areas outside their responsibility, they have been able to save money on materials such as materials concerning historical events in particular regions, which are published all over China, and have become available recently in overwhelming numbers. The agreement has also encouraged bibliographers to travel to their area in China, which is in many cases the only way to develop relations and find materials. This is particularly true of the less developed areas, where communications are still rather poor. Also, the political climate since the June 4th incident has made face-to-face contact more important, as the government has increased its attempts to regulate the relations of Chinese institutions with their foreign counterparts. These trips help American librarians to have a much better understanding of the political climate, research trends in Chinese institutions, the evolution of Chinese popular culture, and the situations in the home offices of key book vendors. This information is all vital in making selections. There are some problems with the cooperative arrangement. Some faculty members are resistant to the idea. They are afraid that valuable materials may not be instantly accessible. Also, faculty interests in certain areas change, with the arrival of new faculty and the beginning of new research projects, and sometimes they demand materials falling outside of the agreement. Some faculty members are not aware of the agreement, and do not take it into consideration when designing new projects or advising students on their dissertations. The budget crunch has also been a problem for some consortium members. Several steps are necessary to assure the future success of this type of cooperative venture. First, the effort must be publisized more widely among faculty and students. Secondly, librarians at the institutions involved must develop closer relations with each other. It is also important to take further advantage of existing technology, by keeping libraries current about holdings, perhaps by prioritizing the cataloging of serials from assigned areas on-line, and to implement quicker and more efficient use of document delivery. Ms. LaFleur expressed optimism about the future of the project.
The next speaker was James Cheng, who talked about resource sharing at East Asian collections in the University of California system. The present nine campus University of California research-sharing program is an extension of an agreement about eight or nine years ago between UC Berkeley and Stanford. There have been quite a few changes concerning East Asian programs at the University of California. Some campuses have new programs, and existing programs have expanded significantly. Each of the nine campuses of the UC have their own libraries, but in principle these campuses and libraries form one system, and that the resources should be readily available and shared by the nine campuses. Stanford was also included because of the long history of cooperation between UC Berkeley and the Hoover Institution at Stanford. About three years ago, three task forces on East Asian materials were appointed by the library council for the nine campuses. The first task force was on Pacific Rim journal articles. It was composed of representatives that have active business schools: UC San Diego, UC Berkeley, and UCLA. They agreed to divide responsibilities based on geographical areas, and make the materials readily available to the other UC campuses, and to utilize FAX technology for journal article delivery. Their agreement has been signed by all the University Library librarians in the system. Two years ago, another task force was appointed on CJK newspaper back files. It was chaired by Karl Lo of UCSD, and the libraries in the system have agreed on what newspapers to acquire, and to avoid duplication of subscriptions. It was also agreed to catalog the materials as quickly as possible, and to input the cataloging in MELVYL, the on-line union catalog of the UC library system. The libraries have also agreed on a number of Japanese newspapers, with each institution agreeing to collect a complete file for the newspapers on microfilm, making it available to everyone in the system. Berkeley has also committed itself to collect some Chinese newspapers not being collected by the Center for Research Libraries in Chicago. Also, each campus has committed a certain percentage of CJK funds to subscribing to current CJK newspapers. Two collections provide Korean newspapers and newspaper back files: UC Berkeley and USC. There has been a gentleman's' agreement between USC and UCLA, for USC to collect mainly Korean materials and UCLA to collect mainly Chinese and Japanese materials. These two institutions have a joint East Asian studies program, and share a Title 6 grant. This situation is now under review, and may change because of the program changes. Another task force is Comprehensive Collaborative Collection Development Among East Asian Libraries Within the University of California (CCCDAEALWUC). This task force was also appointed about two years ago. It is chaired by Mr. Cheng. It has identified which collections are strong in certain areas, and which collections are committed to collecting in that area. There is some duplication among collections, especially concerning certain reference materials. The task is to identify areas where duplication is not necessary, and to fund those areas. Recently the UC system, and Stanford have signed an agreement that the UC system will make its collections readily available to all graduate students and faculty members from Stanford. Since the Hoover Institution is an independent organization, it was not included in the agreement. The next task force to be discussed was appointed last year. It is to investigate mechanism and methods for inter-library loan among all the libraries in the system. It is chaired by Eiji Yutani of UCSD, and a report is expected this year. Each year the East Asian librarians of the UC system and, in the last two years Stanford also, meet in September. Programs are reviewed from the past year, and new programs are introduced.
The next group of presentations concerned ways in which the Internet supports resource sharing. Wei-ying Wan began by discussing his recently completed recon project at the University of Michigan. The fact that the University of Michigan East Asian Bibliographic records are available in digital form makes it possible to access these records from remote locations over the Internet. Mr. Wan had several suggestions to facilitate the recon process for other libraries. First, he pointed out that national coordination of projects would be very useful. Mr. Wan also expressed the hope that more libraries make their on-line catalogs accessible through some kind of network such as the Internet. Next, he stressed the need for developing CJK availability on the local systems and on the network. Finally, he applauded the all the efforts towards resource sharing. Next, Sharon Domier and Yu-lan Chou discussed their experiences with using the Internet. Ms. Domier explained how to use Japanese language over the Internet. She distributed a handout showing how to find out more about this topic. Copies of the handout are available from Ms. Domier at her email address: firstname.lastname@example.org. She emphasized that it is not very difficult to do electronic Japanese, and that free software is available that allows you to display Japanese on relatively unsophisticated computers. Ms. Domier also showed an example of a Japanese language NACIS file that she brought up on the Macintosh computer in her office. Ms. Yu-lan Chou discussed using the Internet to access Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. She gave instructions for connecting to Hong Kong University and displaying Chinese language messages. She also gave information on how to connect through the Internet to the NOTIS system at the University of Michigan. Ms. Chou also mentioned there is a file available on the Internet called Internet Guide. It is guide to using the Internet (approximately 190 pages). The next presentation was by Karen Smith-Yoshimura on the RLG ARIEL document transmission software for efficiently sharing documents over the Internet. She emphasized that ARIEL is superior to FAX in speed, quality, reliability, and cost. No special equipment is necessary. It uses 286 or 386 personal computers, and it can use laser printers or FAX printers. The system uses a scanner to digitize information in documents. It uses data compression to ensure high resolution, allowing users to read characters more easily. Because it uses the Internet, there is no extra cost for telephone charges. It is high quality 200 by 300 dots per inch on regular paper. It is also possible to manipulate images after they are digitized. Images can be enlarged or reduced. ARIEL can be used in conjunction with RLG's CitaDel (Citation and Delivery) system. This system gives the capability of identifying and ordering a document in one step. Finally, Ms. Donovan pointed out that a system developed at her institution (Ohio State University) is also capable of fax transmission of digitized information. It uses off the shelf hardware and inexpensive software. She is hoping that a microfilm reader will be added to the system, so that reels of microfilm could be digitized and transmitted over the Internet. They have already received funding for a scanner so that tables of contents can be scanned and transmitted over the Internet. She requested that computer literate people interested in this project contact her so that they can be involved in the development stage. She expects by the middle of summer 1992 to have the system operational. Also, the CIC Internet fax was developed at Ohio State for delivery of documents over the Internet.