2006 CEAL Conference
Committee on Japanese Materials (CJM)
INTRODUCTION TO THE COMMITTEE MEMBERS
Ms. Keiko Yokota-Carter, Chair of the CJM, welcomed the participants and introduced the members of the committee. They are:
Tokiko Y. Bazzell, University of Hawaii
Antony Boussemart, Exole francaise d'Extreme-Orient bibliotheque
Ito Eichi, Library of Congress
Tomoko Goto, University of British Columbia
Haruko Nakamura, Yale University
Ikuo Sasakawa, University of Tokyo
Kenneth Kazuo Tanaka, University of Maryland
Ms. Yokota-Carter also introduced the members of the Subcommittee on Japanese Rare Books. They are:
Ms. Toshie Marra reported on the Subcommittee on Japanese Rare Books.
* Ms. Hisako Rogerson, Library of Congress, will be also a subcommittee member.
* No formal charges yet have been working.
of North American Collections of Old and Rare Japanese
Books, Other Print Materials, and Manuscripts published in JEAL (no. 131, Oct. 2003) is outdated and will be updated.
* Descriptive Cataloging Guidelines for Pre-Meiji Japanese Books will be available on the CJM web site next
week. Mr. Isamu Tsuchitani, Library
of Congress, started this project in 2001.
He retired on
Ms. Yokota-Carter introduced the following members:
* Retired Members from the Library of Congress:
Mr. Isamu Tsuchitani, Leader of Japanese Cataloging Team
Ms. Manae Fujishiro and Ms. Kimiko Devadas, catalogers
Mr. Takeo Nishioka, reference librarian of Japanese collection
* Member Who Passed-Away:
Ms. Nobuko Pourzadeh-Boushehri
Japanese collection manager of Florida Smathers Libraries. Retired in 2003, and passed away in 2005
* New Members:
Hiroyuki Good, Japanese bibliographer,
Ms. Hikaru Nakano, East Asian cataloger, Asian studies bibliographer in
NICHIBUNKEN's Collaboration with the Library of Congress : Digitization and Cataloguing of the Ukiyoe Collection at Prints & Photographs (P & P) Division, LC by Prof. Atsushi Aiba, Director of Library and Research Information Department, International Research Center for Japanese Studies, Kyoto (Nichibunken)
Prof. Aiba introduced the home page of the Nichibunken Databases: <http://www.nichibun.ac.jp/graphicversion/dbase/database_e.html>
He then talked about the process of collaboration with the P & P Division, LC for the digitization of the ukiyoe prints the Division has. The Division has more than 2,700 woodblock prints and drawings by Japanese artists created between the seventeenth and the early twentieth centuries. Some works are done by famous artists, such as Hiroshige, Kuniyoshi and Sadahide. Nichibunken financially supported the cataloging and the scanning of 1,100 ukiyoe prints which are included in the LC's web site titled: The Floating World of Ukiyoe < http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/ukiyo-e/>. The site includes about 2,000 ukiyoe. It took from March 2001 to January 2005 to work out negotiating and planning of digitization. Actual scanning of 1,100 ukiyoe started in July 2004. Both Nichibunken and the LC plan to make a site of the Japanese prints public on their own web sites.
Prof. Aiba displayed the catalog
which includes authors/creators, titles and series titles in Japanese,
Romanization of authors'/creator's names, and Romanization and English
translation of the titles and the series titles. The detailed description of each entry includes
all of above in addition to thumbnail image, call number, date of creation,
medium and notes. Nikkei Shinbun
reported on this project on
PANEL DISCUSSION : INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION ON THE USE OF JAPANESE DIGITAL RESOURCES
1. Digital Resources on
Although there are 349 universities,
research institutions and libraries, and 85 museums in
There are several issues for Japanese online resources not being used by more institutions.
1. They are too expensive. Consortium might be a solution.
2. Technical support and latest equipment are not available. Some places still use Windows 95.
3. Public libraries simply use Google and administrators say that everything is available on Google.
4. The number of Japanese studies students is getting smaller. By the time the students reach 3rd or 4th year college, they have dropped out from the program.
Ellen Hammond, Curator, East Asian Library,
Ms. Hammond talked about issues on Japanese electronic resources. Ever since she had started as Japanese librarian, she has been struggling over many issues. She summarized what kind of issues we have and the present status of dealing with Japanese electronic resources.
* Digital Resources Committee of The North American Coordinating Council on Japanese Library Resources (NCC) and Japanese Materials Committee (JMC) are working on issues of licensing and they are doing a good job by enunciating all the issues and putting them on the web.
* Creating consortium is good for breaking on price. Examples: Yomiuri and JapanKnowledge.
* Negotiating with Japanese newspaper companies is frustrating.
* Marketing in
* Korean consortium is small but successful in negotiating with Korean vendors.
* It is easier for a group to negotiate with a vendor rather than for an individual institution to do so with a vendor.
* There are many Chinese digital resources but not Japanese.
* Chinese libraries,
vendors, East Asian libraries in
* OCLC is also interested in working with Japanese electronic database vendors, such as NII.
* East View – Specializing in Chinese, but may also interested in Japanese databases.
database vendors opened their branches in
* Licensing is frustrating.
* We need to share information, e.g. how they put licensing.
* Licensing is not the only issue. There are copyright issues, as well.
3. Digital Resources in Japanese Universities: Current Perspective by Mr. Osamu Inoue, Tokyo Institute of Technology Library
Mr. Inoue gave a PowerPoint presentation on digital resources in Japanese universities.
Since 1995, MEXT (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) has been supporting 6 national university libraries which are “advanced electronic library project participants” in order to enhance their functions for electronic library. Main issue is gathering and disseminating academic information that was produced within the universities. In 2001, MEXT also provided with fund to 10 more national university libraries for their electronic library project. As of January 2006, there are 87 national university participants. One of the major digital resources in national universities is Dai Nihon Shiryo 大日本史料.
One of the
current operations is NDL Database Navigation Service (Dnavi: http://dnavi.ndl.go.jp/), which provides
public with gateway services to Japanese databases on the
web. The size of deep web is
estimated 550 times larger than the surface web. Dnavi makes these vast information
resources more accessible. Mr.
Inoue also provided statistics on creators and resource types of the databases
NII Metadata Database Collaborative Constructing Project involves 6
national universities. These
universities are testing implementation software of institutional
repository is recognized as a university’s backbone for disseminating
its educational and research outputs. In 2005, NII started “Cyber
Science Infrastructure (CSI)” in order to create scholarly digital contents and
institutional repository in cooperation with university libraries. Now 19 major universities are supported
by NII. Diagrams of the
Institutional repository plans of
List of Databases & Electronic Resources Available at the
Mr. Sasakawa reported that the national universities are in the creation of
consortium for Nikkei BP Kiji Kensaku Sabisu 日経ＢＰ記事検索サービス, Asahi Shinbun Online Database “Kikuzo” 朝日新聞オンライン記事データベース「聞蔵」, Yomiuri Shinbun Online Database “Yomidas” 読売新聞記事データベース「ヨミダス」, Web OYA-Bunko 大宅壮一文庫雑誌記事索引検索Web版, and
Oya Soichi Library Collection of Magazine Inaugural Issues 大宅壮一文庫創刊号コレクション. They want to share the consortium with
North American libraries. He also
reported on other databases that
5. Update of Japanese Digital Resources by Mr. Daikichi Mitake, Kinokuniya Bookstores
Mr. Mitake reported on circulation of major Japanese literary magazines: Gunzo, Shincho, Subaru, Bungakkai and Bungei. He then gave statistical information on
institutional subscribers of Japanese e-resources in
In terms of types of contracts in North America, institutional subscribers usually need more than original English agreement and need to create addendum or even addendum plus. An example is JapanKnowledge. However, among seven Japanese online databases, which include Nichigai/Web Services, JapanKnowledge, YOMIDAS, JITSU, CiNii, D1-Law Com, Kikuzo II Bijuaru, some do not have English agreement, English addendum and/or English guidebook.
North American institutions are also interested in making consortium. NERL Consortium for YOMIURI CD-Roms
Questions to Mr. Mitake:
A. From the publishers.
Question to Mr. Boussemar:
is the market for Japanese digital resources in
Question to Ms. Hammond
A. Some aggregators have relation to Japanese libraries. Be careful and realistic when we work with vendors of Japanese digital resources.
Question to Mr. Inoue
Q. Copyright issues of NII kiyo 紀要. Please explain about institutional depository.
A. It is a challenge to get permission from the authors.
Participant’s comment: Kiyo紀要will be replaced by institutional repository in future.
Participant’s comment: There are 575 Japanese
subscribers to CiNii in
A. NII made CiNii include many full-text science materials. In the future, there will be more humanities full-text articles.
Question to Mr. Miyazawa
Dissertation will be institutional
depository. Until now, it is not
Question to Mr. Inoue
A. Ph.D. dissertation should be included. 10,000 dissertations are already in institutional depository with authors’ permission.
Questions to Mr. Inoue and Mr. Sasakawa
Q. 2 questions re. Negotiating with Japanese vendors:
A. Downloading is included. However, accessing from home is not
because of authentication issue. It
is not important.
Question to Mr. Sasakawa
Question to the panelists
The Committee meeting ended at