Response/Comments from CEAL RDA Review Committee on Accordion Style

(See Appendix for original request) Folded leaves or pages  Describe folded leaves and folded pages as such.


122 folded leaves


230 pages, 25 leaves of plates (some folded)


25 folded leaves of plates


Exception: For scores, parts, etc., when specifying the number of leaves (see, describe folded leaves simply as leaves For East Asian resource in accordion style, do not treat it as a sheet and make an explanatory note as appropriate.


50 pages (if item contains pagination)

(Note: Leaves folded accordion style.)


122 leaves(if item contains numbering for leaves)

(Note: Leaves folded accordion style.)


1 v. (unpaged)

(Note: Leaves folded accordion style.) Single sheet  Record the extent of a resource consisting of a single sheet as 1 sheet.


1 sheet   If the sheet is designed to be read in pages when folded, record the

extent as 1 folded sheet followed by the number of imposed pages, in

parentheses. For East Asian resource in accordion style, see  


1 folded sheet (8 pages)




a) Notated music When specifying the number of pages or leaves in a resource

consisting of notated music on a single sheet, record only the

number of imposed pages, omitting 1 folded sheet.


b) Early printed resources For an early printed resource consisting of a single sheet folded into

multiple panels, include a count of the number of physical panels on one side of the sheet when unfolded, in parentheses. Include both blank panels and panels containing text, illustrations, etc., in the count. Provide details of the sheet’s layout (including the

numbering of the panels) in a note if desired (see  For East Asian resource in accordion style, see  


1 folded sheet (16 panels) More than one sheet  If the resource consists of more than one sheet, record the extent by

giving the number of sheets and the term sheets. For East Asian resource in accordion style, see  


3 sheets

Also includes “accordion style” in glossary

Accordion style: A volume of folded leaves or pages in sutra binding or pleated binding that is made up of multiple sheets of paper joined end to end.














Appendix: JSC/ALA Follow-up Request for Comments on Accordion style

From: John Attig []
Sent: Tuesday, September 02, 2008 9:55 AM
To: Suzuki, Keiko
Subject: Traditional Asian publishing formats


The following issue has come up in resolving an ALA comment on Chapter 3 of RDA.  Please confirm the accuracy of the information given and indicate a preference to the choices offered at the end of the message.  Unfortunately I need a reply by Friday, Sept. 5, as we are in the final stages of editing RDA for the constituency review.

Thanks for your assistance.



There was a comment in 5JSC/RDA/Part A/Chapter 3/Rev/ALA response on
“It is not clear whether scrolls and resources consisting of a single long sheet accordion-folded into panels should be considered as single volumes or as single sheets. In either case, specific instructions and examples should be included. These are traditional Asian formats; the community has not expressed a preference, but requests guidance.”

Subsequent discussion and investigation within the Editorial team showed that there are two types of East Asian formats to be covered in the RDA instructions on Extent.
1. Double leaves. No JSC decision or change is needed to cover these; the following information is given as as background, and to distinguish these items from the other format mentioned below.
This format has leaves in a binding, the printing is only on one side of the leaf, but each leaf is doubled over so that only the printed side shows - the blank sides of the leaf face each other.
Double leaves are covered by the instruction at in the July 2008 draft of chapter 3  which refers to “books in the traditional East Asian format”. The instruction corresponds to AACR2 rule 2.5B11, which is in a section of rules headed “Single volume”, and was therefore included in the RDA instructions on “Resources consisting of a single unit” among the instructions dealing with a single volume. refers you to to provide a note giving an explanation of the format.

Here is an example from the Libraries Australia database.
17 p.

On double leaves, oriental style.
 and one from LC, but it mentions a case.
1 v. (unpaged)
On double leaves, oriental style, in case.
Wikipedia entry:
Traditional Chinese bookbinding refers to the method of bookbinding that the Chinese (as well as Koreans and Japanese) have used in recent centuries, before converting to the modern codex form. It is also called stitched binding.
Method. The method of this binding is in several stages:

Encasement. After a group of books are printed, they are often put in a case. This is a cloth case that is constructed from boards that have a cloth upholstering. Traditional cloth cases are a single line of boards attached together and covered by the cloth; the insides are papered. The pile of books are placed in the middle board, and the left-hand boards wrap the left side and the front of the books, and the right boards wrap the right side and on top of the left side boards. The right side front board has the title tag pasted on the top right-hand side. The rightmost edge has a lip, from which two straps with ivory or bone tallies are connected to. These straps are pulled down the left side, where there are the loops where they are inserted to secure the whole case together.

Modern cases are much like Western ones. They are basically cuboid with an opening in one side where the books slot in. The Chinese have a separate board to wrap the books before inserting into the case.
Retrieved from"

Leaves or pages folded accordion style
We believe this is the format ALA was referring to, and is the one a JSC decision is needed on.
It is a single sheet, folded accordion or concertina style into panels. Because of its appearance - it very much looks like a volume, and may have the ends of the sheet attached to a backing board which acts as a cover - cataloguers are uncertain whether they should treat these materials as a volume or as a sheet. See also later description of Orihon from Wikipedia.
Earlier advice from NLA cataloguers (and confirmed by LC cataloguers) was that they followed, which includes the following example:

300 $a 1 folded sheet (130, 134 p.) : $b ill. ; $c 27 cm.

500 $a Each work is printed on one side of a continuous strip, with its own pagings, folded accordion style.
The 300 field in that example mirrors RDA which treats such items as sheets.
However, investigation of catalogue records shows that they are often (but not always) catalogued as volumes, not sheets.
Here are some examples from the Libraries Australia database:
1 v. (unpaged)
In case, oriental style, on double leaves with pages on one continuous strip folded accordion style
84 p.
Leaves are joined end to end and folded accordion style
1 v. (unpaged
Pages on one continuous strip folded accordion style, in case
Here are some from the LC catalogue:
[86] p.
On double leaves, folded accordion style (orihon).
1 v. (unpaged)
One folded leaf, accordion style.
LCCN Permalink:
40 p.
Folded accordion style; printed on both sides.
LCCN Permalink:
1 v. (unpaged)
One folded leaf, accordion style, in case
LCCN Permalink:
1 v. (unpaged)
One folded leaf, accordion style, in case.
Wikipedia entry:
Orihon (OR-ee-hon, ) is a book consisting of a long strip of paper that is written on one side and then compacted by folding in zig-zag fashion. The orihon format is considered a step between a scroll and a codex . [1] The style of folding is similar to that of the air bellow of a concertina or accordion, such that every written page faces another written page when the book is closed. It may therefore be opened to any page.”

Should RDA treat a single sheet folded accordion style
(1) as a sheet (per RDA, and as previously agreed – see wiki) or
(2) as a volume (as suggested by what appears to be existing practice (see the NLA and LC examples above).